News and Events

WHY LEN LYE MATTERS

Roger Horrocks and Sarah Davy were recently invited to present talks at the Canberra International Film Festival by festival director Andrew Pike.  Both are trustees of the Foundation and have been long involved in archiving and documenting his films.  Their talk, ‘Why Len Lye Matters’ was well received by an enthusiastic audience. Roger and Sarah also presented and screened, throughout the festival, extracts from Len’s films Tusalava, Rainbow Dance, Trade Tattoo, Free Radicals, Work Party, Musical Poster No. 1 and the documentary, Art of the Sixties: The Walls Come Tumbling Down,

Their session on Sunday 5 November in the Arc Cinema explored the context for Len Lye’s work, the sources of his inspiration, the broad scope of his achievements in film and in kinetic sculpture, and discussed the challenges of archiving it for the future.

Lye was influenced by his early years in Australia and New Zealand - particularly by, Māori, Aboriginal and Pacific art.  In Sydney he learnt his early film craft before moving on to Britain and the United States where he made a series of unique films that pioneered new techniques and thrilled audiences by his lively methods of combining images with jazz.

Len matters because of the strength of his cultural resonance today – as evidenced by the Len Lye Centre, his influence on contemporary film-makers and sculptors, the way his sculptures enliven cityscapes and generate cultural tourism, along with his energetic commitment to the ethos of experimentation, though extensive research and development. As Roger observed:

‘Len matters to us as a role model of the experimental artist. He left a body of films which feel just as fresh and vibrant today as when they were first made. His innovations such as painting directly on film were picked up by many other film-makers. For example, the great animator Norman McLaren acknowledged Len’s films as a major source of inspiration. Today we are living in an extraordinary period, the age of the digital revolution, and Len’s spirit of innovation is something we urgently need’. 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Roger Horrocks and Sarah Davy at the Canberra International Film Festival

Photo courtesy of John Bannon, New Zealand High Commission

 


 

 
 

STOPPED SHORT BY WONDER

A large exhibition of Lye’s work has been held at the Canterbury Art Gallery, from 5 August to 26 November 2017. It has been presented in partnership with the Len Lye Foundation, Govett-Brewster Art Gallery/Len Lye Centre and Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision.

5 August – 26 November 2017

The title of the exhibition refers to the fact that Lye’s art was ‘inspired by a flash of light and a thunderclap.’

The exhibition gained special relevance from the fact that Lye’s work was returning home to the city in which he’d been born (back in 1901).

The exhibition includes 11 moving sculptures, paintings, drawings, doodles and eight of his experimental films.

Christchurch Art Gallery senior curator Lara Strongman said it was the "perfect moment" to bring Lye's works to Christchurch: "Len Lye's work is so full of life and energy and it fundamentally impresses everyone who sees it. They have an emotional reaction. It lifts you out of yourself and charges up your spirit. It is so full of life and cheer and vigour.

“There are a generation of children who have not experienced these works and I would like to share them with them."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Len Lye's Fountain at the Christchurch Art Gallery

(Photo courtesy of the Christchurch Art Gallery)

 

 


 

 
 

VISIT BY TINGUELY MUSEUM CURATOR

An October highlight was a visit to New Zealand by Dr Andres Pardey, an art historian and curator at the Museum Tinguely in Basel.

Among those who met Andres were Evan Webb and Roger Horrocks of the Lye Foundation. Lye knew Tinguely as a fellow kinetic sculptor and greatly admired his work. Andres visited the Len Lye Centre in New Plymouth and was very interested to see the collection.

In Christchurch, Andres saw the current Lye exhibition and also met Dr Shayne Gooch who told him about the Lye research activities at the  Canterbury University’s Engineering School.

There was general agreement that there many common interests between the Museum Tinguely, the Foundation, and the Len Lye Centre, and future exhibitions should be a mutual goal.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr Andres Pardey, Curator at the Tinguely Museum, Basel

INTERNATIONAL CRITICS ON LEN LYE

A long-awaited collection of essays about Len Lye by an international range of critics has just been published by Canterbury University Press (http://www.cup.canterbury.ac.nz/new/). It’s called The Long Dream of Waking and it offers 13 ‘new perspectives’ on the artist. Paul Brobbel, Wystan Curnow and Roger Horrocks have edited the book, and the contributors include the famous American curator Peter Selz and leading British experimental film-maker Malcolm LeGrice. There are also essays by Luke Smythe, Sarah Davy, Geoffrey Batchen, Evan Webb and Alla Gadassik. 

In a section on Lye’s ‘Contexts,’ his links with Sydney are discussed by Rex Butler and A D S Donaldson and his links with London by Scott Anthony. There are also essays by Horrocks and Curnow, and a discussion of ‘Art and Engineering’ in the artist’s work by John Matthews, Shayne Gooch, Aaron Kreisler, Webb, and Brobbel.

A must for anyone with a serious interest in Lye, this new book is very richly illustrated and also has a memorable cover of Lye gazing through a magnifying glass (a photo by Robert del Tredici). The book sells for $49.99 and can be ordered from the Govett-Brewster shop (http://www.govettbrewster.com/shop/) or through your local bookstore..  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Len Lye and Robert Graves in Majorca 1968

 

 


 

 
 

WARTIME MANIFESTO PUBLISHED AFTER 76 YEARS

A controversial manuscript has been brought out from the Len Lye Archive in New Plymouth. Written 76 years ago, it is about to published for the first time.

This was a collaboration between two notable figures – New Zealand-born artist Len Lye and famous British writer Robert Graves. Graves was the author of the I, Claudius novels which became a popular TV series, and of Good-Bye to All That, a vivid first-hand account of trench fighting during the First World War. The two men were lifelong friends.

Their text - a kind of manifesto about what it means to live in a free society - is being published under the title Individual Happiness Now.  Paul Brobbel of the Len Lye Centre (publisher of the book) says: ‘This manuscript is one of the most exciting discoveries we’ve made in the large collection of papers and works of art which Lye bequeathed to the people of New Zealand when he died in 1980. The Lye Centre is publishing it with the permission of the Robert Graves estate. Internationally there’s been a great deal of interest since Graves’s work still has many readers.’

The essay was written in 1941 at a time when the Nazis appeared to be winning the war and were planning to invade Britain.  Graves and Lye were deeply disturbed because they felt the Nazis were winning the propaganda war. Winston Churchill and other leaders were not explaining clearly what the Allies were fighting for. Politicians were afraid that ‘the moment they left the area of pious platitude,’ they ran into arguments and controversies. And so they kept to clichés. In response, Graves and Lye set out to explain what freedom and democracy really mean.

‘This essay is 76 years old but it is amazingly topical today,’ says Roger Horrocks, who edited the text for publication. ‘Now, all over Europe and in the United States, there are extreme-right politicians questioning the idea of a diverse, free, democratic society, just as the Fascists did.  Also, the propagandists for ISIS on social media are making converts even among some young people in the West. Our leaders are not doing a good job of explaining the values we must protect.  I think Individual Happiness Now will offer a great starting-point for that discussion.’

Back in the 1940s, the manifesto was circulated to many British politicians and media people. Its most enthusiastic reader was the American politician Wendell Willkie, who had strong backing to become the first Secretary General of the United Nations at the end of the war. He brought Lye to New York in 1944 to discuss his ideas, but Willkie died that year after a sudden heart attack. The Graves and Lye essay was much discussed but never published – until now.

‘The fact that Graves and Lye were bohemian artists helped to make them great champions of individual freedom and happiness,’ says Horrocks. ‘Their view of politics was totally opposed to the grimness of Fascism. In some respects, it looked forward to the exuberant politics of the hippie era!

The book - Len Lye and Robert Graves, ‘Individual Happiness Now’: A Definition of Common Purpose - will be available from the Govett-Brewster Art Gallery/Len Lye Centre shop from April 8th 2017.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Len Lye and Robert Graves in Majorca 1968

 

 


 

 
 

ALBATROSS

Albatross in an unusual work.  In Lye’s other kinetic sculptures the ‘elements’ that vibrate are usually made from highly polished steel.  These vibrating strips and rods form ‘figures of motion’ – virtual images that reflect patterns of light.  By contrast, Albatross employs a slender and delicate wooden ‘wing’ balanced on a painted metal shaft.  As the shaft spins and vibrates it causes the wing to flutter and rotate.  Albatross is more an actual wing than a virtual one.

Lye experimented extensively with ideas and materials.  He completed the original Albatross in New York in 1965 and described it as:

“…a long sliver of spruce, very springy wood, about the most springy and it’s tapered at both ends something like a thin pointed boomerang and it bounces on a shaft of a motor on a little holding arrangement… [I]t runs free but momentum start to turn this sliver and it starts to wave, just like a spirit of a winged Albatross.”

Lye was fascinated by Polynesian culture: its dance, its artefacts (the Australian boomerang) and its mythology.  He studied and drew from these cultures extensively.  There are colonies of Albatross in New Zealand and Māori refer to them in their legends and songs.  Although Lye wandered extensively spending most of his life ‘over seas’, Albatross is a reminder of his antipodean roots.

Albatross was reconstructed in 2015 and first shown at the Len Lye Centre in the exhibition, ‘Flora and Fauna’. 

See http://www.govettbrewster.com/exhibitions/len-lye-flora-and-fauna

 

 

 

 

 


Albatross in flight at the Len Lye Centre, January, 2016

 

 


 

 
 

WITCH DANCE

A re-construction of Witch Dance was added to the Len Lye collection last year.  It was shown in ‘Experimental Moves’ curated by Sarah Wall, Assistant Len Lye Curator, and is proving a popular addition to the exhibition. (See http://www.govettbrewster.com/whats-on/)

Witch Dance, is a small work where several wire figures topped with bells, dance in unison.  It anticipates larger works such as Wand Dance that the Foundation is currently building.

Stuart Robb, New Plymouth based design engineer, re-constructed the work under the supervision of the Foundation and with the support of the Len Lye Centre.  Stuart has a long association with the Foundation having built and repaired several of Len’s sculptures.  His reconstruction of Witch Dance is beautifully crafted and a faithful rendition of the original work.  The original work can now, happily be retired and preserved from further ware and tear.

Witch Dance (a.k.a. Ritual Dance) was first shown at ‘Bounding Steel Sculpture’, an exhibition of several of Lye’s kinetic works shown at the Howard Wise Galley in New York in 1965   Lye said of the work:

“It looked effective when the six other upright rods all came from the same centre of motion but all have a kind of slightly different action, so you could watch them for quite a while comparing their motion”

 

 

 

 


 

Seven wire figures dance in unison

 


 

 
 

ROTATING HARMONIC NEARING COMPLETION

Angus McGregor (left) and Caleb Balmer (right) in front of their poster of Len Lye’s Rotating Harmonic.  Both are mechanical engineering students in their fourth year at the University of Canterbury and part of a research programme, run by Dr Shayne Gooch, to develop Len Lye’s kinetic sculptures to their full scale. 

Angus and Caleb have designed a full scale working prototype of Len Lye’s Rotating Harmonic and they recently presented their research results and design work at a seminar at the University.  Construction of the full scale work has begun.  Angus can be seen holding the motor connecting shaft and Caleb is holding a bearing unit that fits within the wand mount on the table next to him.

Lye made a four foot high Rotating Harmonic in 1959.  He experimented by shuttling a spring steel wire from side to side and by controlling the motor speed, induced the wire to whirl and form a three dimensional ‘virtual’ shape in space.  He understood this transition as one of energy:

“So you’ve got a kind of drama going on whether this metal could accept this energy and you felt it as such-- there seemed to be some kind of living business and in a way it was.”

Scaling up Rotating Harmonic to its full size has presented the students with several challenges.  For one, the forces that act on the base of a forty foot wand as it vibrates are one thousand times greater than those on the smaller, four foot wand!  Nonetheless, Angus and Caleb’s had a ‘break through’ and found a way of reducing these loads that might otherwise have caused the large wand to fail.  The Len Lye projects have captured the imagination of several engineering students.  Caleb says:  "I loved having the opportunity to combine the practicality of engineering and the creativity of art and produce a device that pushes the boundaries of modern materials."

The full scale Rotating Harmonic will be completed next year.

 

 

 

 


 

Photo courtesy of Duncan Shaw-Brown, University of Canterbury photographer.

 


 

 
 

NEW PLYMOUTH IS ABUZZ...

 

 

New Plymouth is abuzz with all things Len Lye as we count down to the opening of the Len Lye Centre this weekend. The media, both locally and nationally will be descending on Taranaki this Friday to get a tour of the new gallery.

Live Magazine dedicated their recent issue to the Len Lye Centre and included a wonderful interview with Chairman, John Matthews. You can read the entire issue here.

 


 

 

RELATIONSHIP WITH UNIVERSITY CELEBRATED


 

Recently, members of the engineering and art communities were treated to a preview of Lye’s God of the Sea and Cave Goddess at the University of Canterbury School of Engineering in Christchurch.  PhD candidate, Alex O’Keefe has almost completed this 8 metre high gallery work, a precursor to the much larger Sun, Land and Sea (see article below March 2, 2015) and he was able to demonstrate the ‘lightning bolt’ and the mechanical animation of the Serpent and the Cave Goddess, both constructed from high tensile stainless steel strip.  Alex is looking for a space in Christchurch large enough to bring all the elements of this work together for its first public performance. 

For over 20 years the School of Engineering has provided opportunities for students to study Lye’s work and, in turn, bring about solutions to the challenges of scaling Lye’s sculptures to the size he intended.  Dr Shayne Gooch, a Len Lye enthusiast of many years, is instrumental in providing this program of study.  John Matthews a graduate of the Engineering School and Chairman of the Len Lye Foundation supports the programme through his New Plymouth based company, Technix Industries Ltd.

The demonstration provided an opportunity to acknowledge and celebrate the long and fruitful relationship that the Foundation enjoys with the University. 

 


 

 
 
 

 

Above: Evan Webb, Alex O'Keefe, John Matthews and Shayne Gooch with Lye's Cave Goddess.

 

Left: A 'bolt of lightning', as demonstrated in the High Voltage Laboratory, will be part of the finished work.